Varicose veins are typically blue and bulging veins, appearing just below the skin’s surface. They are most frequently seen on the legs and feet due to increased pressure on those extremities.
Varicose veins can be harmless, but they can also lead to more serious problems. In either case, if varicose veins are making you feel self-conscious or are causing you discomfort, you deserve to seek medical attention.
Dr. Muasher is a varicose vein expert and provides a variety of treatments that will improve veins appearance and your comfort, and attempt to prevent the complications that can arise from untreated varicose veins.
What Are Varicose Veins?
Your body contains both arteries and veins. Arteries move oxygenated blood from the heart to the body. Veins return the blood from the body back to the heart. Veins in the legs rely on the calf muscles that squeeze the blood into the veins against gravity. The veins have multiple one way valves that open and close while you are walking in such a way as to keep the blood flowing in one direction: towards the heart. If these valves break or malfunction, blood will flow backwards toward the legs, causing the veins to dilate and elongate and thus become varicose. The most common causes of valve malfunction in the leg veins include heredity, pregnancy, your job, and a history of deep vein thrombosis. Obesity and trauma can also be contributing factors.
Both men and women can have varicose veins, although women have them more frequently. About 23% of Americans suffer from varicose veins.
Varicose Vein Symptoms
- Pain in the legs
- Legs feeling heavy or fatigued and only relieved by elevation
- Throbbing legs that cramp during the night
- Large veins that bulge under the skin and appear twisted
- Swollen ankle or lower leg
- Skin near the ankle becoming dry or itchy, or changing color
- A rash or ulcer on the ankle or lower leg
If you’re not sure whether you have varicose veins, schedule a consultation to meet with Dr. Muasher and undergo a thorough evaluation.
Complications from Bulging Veins
Varicose veins can sometimes lead to more serious concerns. But you don’t need to be experiencing one of these to seek out treatment. Even if varicose veins aren’t likely to worsen, they can still cause discomfort and self-consciousness. Some veins can also progress to
- Venous insufficiency – Inadequate blood flow that leads to blood pooling in the veins and can cause leg swelling.
- Superficial thrombophlebitis – A blood clot blocking blood from flowing through a superficial vein causing local painful inflammation.
- Bleeding leg veins – High pressure in the vein causing blood to break through the skin and actively bleed.
- Non-healing venous ulcers – Pooling blood and leaking chemicals from the swollen veins cause severe skin inflammation (stasis dermatitis) which heals with scar formation and leads to brownish pigmentation at the ankles. This cycle keeps repeating itself until ultimately an ulcer forms. This means a breakdown of the skin with blood and drainage leaking from the ulcer. Our job as vein physicians is ultimately to prevent this from occurring.
Finding the Right Varicose Vein Treatment
We can’t recommend a treatment until we’ve met with you and Dr. Muasher has examined your legs. We offer treatments ranging from non-invasive to surgical. Your treatment plan will accommodate your specific needs and your preferences to allow for a positive and effective treatment process.
Visit our Treatments page to learn more about the variety of options available to you at Vein Management Clinic.