Venous ulcers are skin breakdowns that most often appear on the lower legs, above the ankle but below the calf. They are typically slow to heal and likely to recur without proper treatment. Non-healing venous ulcers will benefit from varicose vein treatments and compression therapy.
How Venous Insufficiency Causes Ulcers
The veins have valves that keep the blood flowing blood toward the heart. With venous insufficiency, the valves aren’t working the way they should and are allowing blood to flow in the wrong direction. That blood has nowhere to go and pools in the vein. If this persists, fluid can leak out of the veins and impact surrounding tissues. Over time severe skin inflammation (stasis dermatitis), scarring and ulceration develop.
Diagnosing Venous Ulcers
Dr. Muasher will perform a professional evaluation to determine the cause of the ulcer. A duplex ultrasound exam will tell him where there may be underlying venous insufficiency in the legs. This will help Dr. Muasher form a treatment plan to heal the ulcer.
There are other types of ulcers that tend to occur on the lower leg/feet. Arterial skin ulcers are due to artery disease, are painful and are on the toes or feet. Neuropathic skin ulcers are caused by nerve damage from diabetes. Dr. Muasher will distinguish between these and help you find the appropriate course of treatment.
Risk Factors for Venous Ulcers
Certain individuals are more likely to experience ulcers than others. Risk factors include:
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Being overweight
- Minimal physical activity
- Working on one’s feet and standing for many hours at a time
Best Treatment for Non-Healing Venous Ulcers
Dr. Muasher will need to examine your legs and discuss your goals before determining the best course of action. If you have non-healing ulcers on the legs, schedule an assessment today to learn more.